Bal Gangadhar Jambhekar was a pioneer of Marathi journalism. He started the first Marathi newspaper ‘Darpan’ on January 6, 1832 and wrote many books on subjects related to history and mathematics. He is also known as the ‘Father of Marathi Journalism’ for his efforts to introduce journalism in Marathi language. He was gifted and intelligent since childhood and became a great scholar and researcher in many subjects when he became an adult. He was active only for a short time, but his extraordinary work left a lasting impression on India.
Bal Gandhadhar Jambhekar was born on January 6, 1812 in the village of Pombhurle in Deogarh taluka (Sindhudurg) in the Konkan region of Maharashtra state. His father’s name was Gangadharshastri, who was a good Vedic. He started studying Marathi and Sanskrit languages at home from his father Gangadharshastri.
Bal Gandhadhar Jambhekar, after the end of his studies in 1820, was appointed a teacher of mathematics at Elphinstone College as an assistant to his mentor. In 1832 he also served as a teacher of English to the Prince of Akkalkot. In the same year, with the support of Bhau Mahajan, he started an English Marathi weekly called “Darpan”. In this he used to write in the English department. He was a scholar of many languages. Apart from Marathi and Sanskrit, he knew Latin, Greek, English, French, Persian, Arabic, Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati and Kannada languages.
Seeing this versatile ability of Bal Gandhadhar Jambhekar, the government appointed him to the post of “Justice of the Peace”. Because of this, he used to work as a Grand Jury in the High Court. He also served as the Educational Inspector and Principal of the Training College from 1842 to 1844. In 1840, he also started a monthly magazine named “Digdarshan”. In this he used to write essays on classical subjects.
On 6 January 1832, the first issue of ‘Darpan’ newspaper was published. Marathi was the language of the newspaper for the public, but a column of the newspaper was also written in English language. The cost of the newspaper was Rs. This newspaper was published in languages like English and Marathi. There were two columns in this newspaper.
The Darpan newspaper lasted eight and a half years, and their last issue was published in July 1840. The purpose of this newspaper was to study the commercial interest among the indigenous people and to think about the welfare of the people here on the way to this prosperity and prosperity of the country.
Bal Gandhadhar Jambhekar, recognizing the importance of public libraries, established the ‘Bombay Native General Library’. He was the first Indian to write a pamphlet in the quarterly quarter of the ‘Asiatic Society’.
Bal Gandhadhar Jambhekar was aware of the need for scientific knowledge to develop the country’s progress, modern thinking and culture and the need to promote scientific knowledge of the judicial role of looking into social issues. In short, they were expected only 200 years ago by a knowledgeable society like it is today.
In true sense Bal Gandhadhar Jambhekar had dedicated his life in his work. He was excommunicated from the caste for revealing the reality related to the eclipse in his speeches and for re-converting a Brahmin named ‘Sripati Seshadri’ from Christianity to Hinduism. In this sense, he was a social reformer. His talent and effort left an indelible mark not only for the people of Maharashtra, but across India, as an eminent social reformer and journalist.
Bal Gandhadhar Jambhekar worked in various positions as ‘Original Secretary’ of Bombay Native Education Society, Teacher at Akkalkot, First Assistant Professor at Elphinstone Institute, School Investigator, Director of School (Normal School). He was made Justice of the Peace in 1840.
Bal Gandhadhar Jambhekar had gone to Kanakeshwar in connection with the search for inscriptions, when he got heat stroke. In this he died on May 18, 1846.